Nursing Homes in Michigan
Michigan is one of the most populous states in the nation with nearly 9.9 million residents, and 17.7% of Michiganders — about 1.7 million people — are aged 65 or older. To meet the needs of this large senior population, Michigan is home to many nursing homes and health care facilities. Several of the state’s hospitals, including University of Michigan Hospitals – Michigan Medicine and Beaumont Hospital – Royal Oak, are nationally ranked in geriatrics by U.S. News and World Report.
Nursing homes provide room and board, supervision and round-the-clock access to skilled nursing care. In Michigan, care in a semiprivate room costs an average of $8,973 per month, according to Genworth Financial’s 2020 Cost of Care Survey. For seniors who opt for a private room, the average price tag is slightly higher at $9,733 per month.
This guide provides an overview of nursing home care in Michigan, including the cost of care, financial assistance options and laws that govern nursing homes, as well as some helpful resources for frail seniors and their caregivers.
The Cost of Nursing Home Care in Michigan
Michigan is a relatively expensive state for nursing home care, according to Genworth Financial’s 2020 Cost of Care Survey. Nationally, the average monthly cost of nursing home care is $7,756, while the Michigan average is nearly 16% higher at $8,973. Care costs are slightly lower in neighboring Wisconsin ($8,684), while in other states that border Michigan, prices are even lower. Ohio’s average cost is about 20% lower than Michigan’s at $7,148 per month. Indiana’s $7,133 per month is about the same as Ohio, while in nearby Illinois, nursing home care costs just $6,235 per month.
The United States
Seniors may face widely different nursing home costs, depending on which Michigan city they reside in. The Kalamazoo area has the state’s highest nursing home prices at $10,159 per month. Care costs are slightly lower in Ann Arbor and Flint, where seniors pay $9,429 and $9,353, respectively. To the west in Grand Rapids, nursing home care costs $9,178. State capital Lansing’s cost is the same as the Michigan average, while in Detroit, nursing home costs are slightly lower at $8,821 monthly. Up in Saginaw, nursing homes charge an average of $8,441 per month. In the southern Michigan city of Battle Creek, seniors pay the state’s lowest monthly prices — a comparatively affordable $7,908.
In addition to nursing home care, Michigan’s long-term care options include in-home care, home health care, adult day care and assisted living care. Adult day care, which provides daytime care at a community-based center, has the lowest monthly cost at $2,080 per month. Seniors who choose to receive care in their own homes pay $4,576 per month, on average, and $4,767 monthly if they require in-home medical care. Assisted living care, at $4,200 per month, is less than half the cost of nursing care. This lower price reflects the less extensive care provided in these settings.
Home Health Care
Adult Day Care
Assisted Living Facility
Nursing Home Care
Does Medicaid Cover Nursing Home Care in Michigan?
Yes, there are over 2,766,000 residents of Michigan enrolled in Medicaid and receiving assistance with the cost of accommodations and meals, in addition to rehabilitation therapies and other skilled services. Medicaid beneficiaries also get coverage for medical equipment and assistive devices.
With over 360 nursing homes throughout the state, there are numerous choices for Medicaid beneficiaries needing a higher level of care than is offered in assisted living communities. Michigan’s Managed Long-Term Services and Supports (MLTSS) can help caregivers and seniors with care coordination and support while staying in a long-term care community, including a nursing home. Seniors may also benefit from HCBS waivers, such as MI Choices Waiver, which provides skilled nursing care in the comfort of their home or in a residential care community.
Medicaid Eligibility in Michigan
To be considered eligible for Medicaid, individuals must meet the income level requirement and need 24-hour skilled nursing care. The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services handles Medicaid screening and application processing.
Both a single applicant and married couple can earn $2,523 monthly with $2,000 in asset limits. The exception to this is for married couples who are both applying for Medicaid, then the asset limit is $1,000 more.
2022 Medicaid Income Limits for Seniors in Michigan
Annual Income Limits
(Only One Person Applying)
Two-Person Household (Both People Applying)
In addition to income, there are many factors to determine Medicaid eligibility. In some cases, an applicant can “spend down” their income if they meet the other requirements. Other qualifications include:
- Citizenship status
- Proof of residence
- Medically needy
- Proof of resources (bank statements and Social Security Income)
How to Apply for Medicaid in Michigan
The application process can begin in person at a local MDHHS office or over the phone with a representative. There’s also an online portal, MI Bridges, that accepts Medicaid and Medicare applications. The health care coverage hotline, (855) 276-4627, is available in English and Spanish. Additionally, a PDF of the paper application can be found on the Michigan Department of Health & Human Services website and dropped off at a local MDHHS office. The MDHHS website also includes an information booklet further explaining program policies and the application process.
Information You Will Need:
- Copy of birth certificate
- Proof of citizenship, if not born in the US
- Income from earned and unearned sources
- Proof of real properties, including those sold or transferred within two months of the application date
- Car registration and insurance documents
- Medicare care and any other insurance cards, such as life insurance
- VA discharge papers (DD 214), for veteran applicants
- Any wills and trusts, in addition to other documents that can support the applicant’s claim
Additional Medicaid Support & Resources in Michigan
The following free resources can help seniors find programs and services that work alongside Medicaid. There are also resources, such as Medicaid Planning Assistance, that can help individuals understand how Medicaid works and what it covers, in addition to helping seniors apply for Medicaid.
Also known as the No Wrong Door System, the Aging & Disability Resource Collaboration (ADRC) works with the Centers of Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) to give seniors the resources they need regardless of which organization they go to. Seniors and caregivers can contact a representative to get one-on-one advice regarding their long-term care options.
Provided by the American Council on Aging, the Medicaid Planning Assistance website not only helps seniors and their loved ones determine their eligibility, along with learning about different planning strategies, such as how to plan for moving out of state or what to do in the event of a divorce while using Medicaid coverage. The program can assist individuals whether they're looking for a public case manager or for resources to educate themselves.
Benefits.gov is a website offering a variety of tools to help individuals find social services and programs, including health care, with the option to browse by category or agency. Seniors and their caregivers can use the SSA Benefit Eligibility Screening Tool to determine their eligibility for benefits found on the website.
Does Medicare Cover Nursing Home Care in Michigan?
Medicare provides limited coverage for short-term stays in a skilled nursing facility following a hospital stay, but seniors must meet a number of specific requirements. This benefit is available to beneficiaries who have been hospitalized for at least three days, excluding the date of discharge, so it’s most valuable for those who are recovering from an injury, illness or surgery.
Once seniors meet the hospitalization requirement, Medicare will pay for up to 100 days of skilled nursing per benefit period. The first 20 days are covered in full. Starting on day 21, beneficiaries must pay a daily coinsurance rate. After day 100, seniors are responsible for the entire cost.
What Does Medicare Cover?
Medicare covers a number of specific services, including:
- A semiprivate room
- Skilled nursing
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Speech therapy
- Audiologist care
- Medical supplies
- Medical social services
- Nutritional counseling
- Ambulance transportation
What Isn’t Covered by Medicare?
Medicare does not cover long-term custodial care that addresses seniors’ day-to-day needs. This includes help with daily activities, such as bathing, dressing and using medical equipment.
For more information about Medicare and when it covers Nursing Home Care, read our Guide to Nursing Homes.
Medicare may only cover some medical expenses and doesn’t replace long-term care insurance, but it does cover short-term care, so it’s a good place to start. Fortunately, there are trained volunteers that can help seniors and their loved ones find financial assistance, in addition to helping them apply for and understand Medicare coverage.
The state Medicare program, MMAP helps beneficiaries better understand their coverage options. Seniors and caregivers can find assistance with filing a claim or appealing the denial of a claim. Counselors can explain the basics of each Medicare Part, in addition to determining their eligibility for financial assistance to cover costs for assistive devices and prescription medications.
Medicare is a federal program designed to cover the cost of healthcare for seniors throughout the United States. In addition to offering a 24-hour chat feature, the website provides an outline of the basics and supplemental coverage options, such as MediGap. The website also has information regarding how Medicare covers specific medical conditions, as well as routine check-ups.
Benefits CheckUp is a nationwide benefits resource library that allows users to search by category or eligibility. This allows seniors and loved ones to look for local and state-wide resources based on their ZIP code and find resources they may have otherwise missed. These resources can include tax relief and health care programs to help cover medical expenses.
Other Financial Assistance Options for Nursing Home Care in Michigan
While Medicaid and Medicare are two of the most common programs used to pay for Nursing Home Care, there are other financial assistance options available, depending on your unique situation.
How to Apply
How It Works
Aid and Attendance
Learn more and apply online at va.gov.
Veterans who receive a VA pension may also be eligible for the Aid and Attendance benefit, a monthly cash allowance that veterans receive in addition to their standard pension amount. The benefit is intended for veterans in need of long-term care services and may be used towards paying for skilled nursing care.
Learn more about your options and how to apply at ftc.gov
If you own a home, you may be able to use a reverse mortgage to help pay for nursing care. Reverse mortgages are loans that one can take out against the value of their home, essentially converting some of the home's equity into cash. Reverse mortgage loans do need to be repaid with interest, typically within 12 months of receiving the loan.
Long-Term Care (LTC) Insurance
Learn more about Long-Term Care Insurance and how to apply for a policy at acl.gov.
Seniors who already have long-term care insurance may be able to use it to pay for skilled nursing care. Most policies cover at least a portion of the cost, but it depends on the specific policy terms. Note that older adults who are already in need of skilled nursing care will not typically be eligible to sign up for a LTC insurance policy.
Free and Low-Cost Resources for Seniors in Michigan
Exploring long-term care options for a loved one can be a difficult task. Fortunately, there are several nonprofit, statewide agencies that make planning for the future and finding the appropriate long-term care a bit easier.
Area Agencies on Aging Association of Michigan provide a network of local programs that can improve the lives of seniors and their caregivers. Working with statewide and national agencies, such as the National Council on Aging, the agency can help seniors find services that fit their needs whether they decide to call or drop by any of their 16 offices.
The Michigan Assistive Technology Program gives seniors and their caregivers access to assistive devices, as well as loans and other financial options for assistive or safety equipment. Provided by the Michigan Disability Rights Coalition, seniors can also find help with device training and evaluating their condition.
With a network of clinics and vet centers throughout the state, the Michigan Veterans Affairs Agency provides veterans with resources on education, employment and health care. The agency promotes a no-wrong-door policy for benefits and services by offering referrals to other locations and access to federal pensions and aid. Additionally, representatives can help seniors explore their long-term care options, including comparing local nursing homes.
Ombudsmen work with the staff of nursing homes throughout the state to resolve complaints from residents and their loved ones, ranging from lack of quality care to lack of quality meal choices. The volunteer-based program is designed to educate seniors about their rights and ensure the facility is meeting state and federal regulations.
COVID-19 Rules for Nursing Homes in Michigan
The following information is based on research done on several government websites, including michigan.gov/coronavirus. These rules apply to Independent Living Communities and other types of senior living facilities. We’ve most recently updated this data on 2/8/2022, but since COVID-19 is a rapidly evolving pandemic, contact your local senior living facility or Area Agency on Aging for more specific and up-to-date information.
Are loved ones allowed to visit to provide emotional support?
Are relatives allowed to visit for end-of-life care?
Are residents required to quarantine after visiting with a loved one?
Are visitors required to wear PPE (including masks) in order to visit residents?
Are non-medical contractors (such as hairdressers and entertainers) allowed in senior living facilities?
Does the state recommend or require that senior living facilities assist families with setting up virtual visit alternatives?
Are visitors checked for elevated temperatures?
Are visitors required to answer questions about health, travel, and potential virus contact?
*Note: This information was not available for this state, contact your local area agency on aging or senior living facility for more information.
Outings & Social Activities
Are residents allowed to leave (errands, visiting family, etc.) for non-medical reasons?
Are residents who leave required to quarantine when they return?
Are senior living communities required to cancel all group outings?
Are residents allowed to eat meals together in a common area?
Are residents allowed to gather in common areas for group activites?
COVID-19 Safety Measures for Staff and Residents
Are staff members and contractors being screened for elevated temperatures?
Are staff members and contractors being tested for Coronavirus?
Are staff members and contractors being asked questions about health, travel, and potential virus contact?
Are staff members required to regularly screen residents for coronavirus symptoms?
Are residents relied on to screen themselves and self-report potential coronavirus symptoms?
Are staff members required to take residents’ temperatures?
Are residents being tested for coronavirus?
Nursing Home Laws and Regulations in Michigan
Nursing Homes Facilities in Michigan (95)
- Adrian, MI (5)
- Allegan, MI (2)
- Allen Park, MI (2)
- Alma, MI (3)
- Alpena, MI (2)
- Ann Arbor, MI (6)
- Bad Axe, MI (2)
- Battle Creek, MI (6)
- Bay City, MI (4)
- Big Rapids, MI (2)
- Bloomfield Hills, MI (2)
- Bridgman, MI (2)
- Canton, MI (2)
- Caro, MI (2)
- Cass City, MI (2)
- Cheboygan, MI (2)
- Clare, MI (2)
- Clinton Township, MI (3)
- Coldwater, MI (2)
- Dearborn, MI (2)
- Dearborn Heights, MI (2)
- Detroit, MI (37)
- East Lansing, MI (5)
- Escanaba, MI (3)
- Farmington Hills, MI (3)
- Fenton, MI (2)
- Flint, MI (4)
- Fort Gratiot, MI (2)
- Frankenmuth, MI (2)
- Frankfort, MI (2)
- Fremont, MI (2)
- Gaylord, MI (3)
- Gladwin, MI (2)
- Grand Blanc, MI (5)
- Grand Haven, MI (2)
- Grand Rapids, MI (20)
- Grayling, MI (2)
- Greenville, MI (3)
- Hancock, MI (3)
- Hastings, MI (2)
- Hillsdale, MI (2)
- Holland, MI (4)
- Howell, MI (5)
- Ironwood, MI (2)
- Ishpeming, MI (2)
- Jackson, MI (6)
- Kalamazoo, MI (9)
- Kingsford, MI (2)
- Lansing, MI (6)
- Lapeer, MI (4)
- Linden, MI (2)
- Livonia, MI (8)
- Ludington, MI (2)
- Marshall, MI (3)
- Midland, MI (5)
- Milford, MI (2)
- Monroe, MI (7)
- Mount Pleasant, MI (3)
- Muskegon, MI (8)
- Niles, MI (3)
- Northville, MI (2)
- Novi, MI (6)
- Okemos, MI (3)
- Owosso, MI (2)
- Plainwell, MI (2)
- Plymouth, MI (2)
- Pontiac, MI (2)
- Portage, MI (2)
- Riverview, MI (4)
- Rochester Hills, MI (3)
- Romeo, MI (3)
- Rose City, MI (2)
- Royal Oak, MI (2)
- Saginaw, MI (10)
- Saint Clair Shores, MI (3)
- Saint Joseph, MI (3)
- Saint Louis, MI (2)
- Sault Sainte Marie, MI (2)
- South Haven, MI (2)
- Southfield, MI (7)
- Sterling Heights, MI (5)
- Tawas City, MI (3)
- Taylor, MI (3)
- Three Rivers, MI (4)
- Traverse City, MI (5)
- Troy, MI (2)
- Utica, MI (3)
- Warren, MI (6)
- Waterford, MI (3)
- Wayne, MI (3)
- West Bloomfield, MI (5)
- Westland, MI (5)
- Wyoming, MI (3)
- Ypsilanti, MI (3)
- Zeeland, MI (3)