Attesting to the state’s desirability as a retirement destination, approximately 19.3% of Montana’s slightly less than 1,105,000 citizens are aged 65 and over, which is nearly 3% higher than the national average of 16.5%. Seniors in Montana enjoy one of the most tax-friendly environments in the country. Montana doesn’t have a state sales tax and state income taxes are capped at 6.75%. Portions of Social Security and other retirement income are not taxed, and federal tax payments can be deducted on Montana state tax returns. 

Options for senior care in Montana include in-home care, home health care, adult day health care, assisted living and nursing homes. According to the 2021 Genworth Cost of Care Survey, the average cost of in-home care in Montana is $5,339 per month. In-home care is designed for seniors who choose to age in place in their own homes. In-home care covers basics such as housekeeping, errands, meal preparation and personal care, while home care covers clinical care provided by professionals.

This guide offers an exploratory look at in-home care in Montana, including average cost comparisons and Medicaid and Medicare options. It also includes a list of relevant resources for seniors aging in place. 

The Cost of In-Home Care in Montana

At an average cost of $5,339 per month, in-home care in Montana is $382 more than the national average of $4,957, according to the 2021 Genworth Cost of Care Survey. Costs rise slightly to the west in Idaho, where residents pay an average of $5,434 for in-home care. In-home care costs are even lower in Nevada at an average of $5,148 per month but rise again to $5,625 in neighboring Utah. The highest costs in the area are found to the east in North Dakota at an average of $5,689 per month. 




The United States








North Dakota

The cost of in-home care within Montana varies by location. The lowest costs are found in Great Falls, where residents pay an average of $4,698 per month for in-home care, while the highest in-home care costs are found in Billings at $5,720. Those in Missoula pay an average of $5,243 per month. Because Montana is sparsely populated, we’re using two cities in neighboring states in our comparison of in-home care costs. Residents across Montana’s southwestern border in Idaho Falls pay a monthly average of $5,720 for in-home care costs, while their counterparts east of Montana in Bismarck pay an average of $7,823 per month. 


Great Falls






Idaho Falls



Although in-home care is less expensive than adult day health care at an average of $2,600 per month and assisted living at an average of $4,450 per month, the costs of nursing home beds are much higher at a monthly average of $7,574. However, the average cost of home health care in Montana is the same at $5,339.


In-Home Care


Home Health Care


Adult Day Health Care


Assisted Living


Nursing Home

Does Medicaid Cover Home Care in Montana?

Montana residents who meet income and residency requirements for Medicaid may be able to get assistance with paying for some of the costs of in-home care through the Community First Choice and Personal Assistance Services (PAS) Program. Eligible recipients receive assistance with bathing, grooming, getting dressed, eating and other routine tasks of daily living. The program is person-centered to meet individual needs and preferences. Applicants for the PAS program must meet the following criteria.

  • Be eligible for Medicaid
  • Must participate in the screening process
  • Must have a health condition that limits the ability to perform routine daily tasks

Montana residents who need a nursing home level of care but who would prefer to remain living in their own homes may be eligible for the Big Sky Waiver. There is typically a waiting list for this waiver

Home Care Waiver Programs in Montana

Big Sky Waiver

Financially and/or medically needy seniors may be able to get assistance through Montana’s Big Sky Waiver. Specifically, applicants must be:

  • Eligible for Medicaid
  • Aged 65 or ever
  • Physically disabled as determined by the Social Security Administration
  • Meet the minimum requirements for nursing home placement
  • Have unmet needs that can only be resolved through the waiver

Services covered by the Big Sky Waiver include the following:

  • Case management
  • Occupational and physical therapy
  • Skilled nursing
  • Post-Acute rehabilitation services
  • Specialized Medical Equipment
  • Environmental adaptations
  • Specially trained attendants
  • Medical and non-medical transportation 

Seniors can apply for the Big Sky Waiver on the state’s website or call 800-219-7035. 

How to Know if You’re Eligible for Medicaid in Montana

The yearly income limit for those in single-person households is $10,092, and the asset limit is $3,000. In two-person households where only one person is applying for Medicaid, the income and asset limits remain the same at $2,000 and $3,000, respectively, while the non-applicant can have an asset limit of up to $137,000. When two people are applying, the income limit is $20,184, and the asset limit is $3,000. 

2022 Medicaid Income Limits for Seniors in Montana

Income limits* 
Asset limits*

Single Applicant 



Two-Person Household (one person applying)


$2,000 for individual applicants

$137,400 for non-applicants 

Two-Person Household (both people applying) 



*per year

How to Apply for Medicaid in Montana

Options for applying for Medicaid in Montana include online portals, telephone and in-person. Most applicants find that visiting is the most convenient. Applicants can call 1 800-318-2596 to apply by telephone or go in person to their local Department of Health and Human Service Office. If you aren’t sure about where the nearest office is, you can find this information on

What Information You Will Need

Applicants for Medicaid are required to provide qualifying information regarding their financial status. Having pay stubs, documentation proving Social Security or other retirement income, copies of tax returns and bank statements makes the application process go more smoothly. You should also be prepared to provide proof of identity such as a driver’s license or a Montana state ID card. 

How to Get Help Applying for Medicaid

Because of all the documentation and strict eligibility requirements involved in applying for Medicaid, applicants often need assistance navigating the red tape. If you have questions about the process, are not sure if you qualify or feel that you have been wrongfully denied, the following resources may be able to help.

Area Served 
Services Provided 

(888) 706-1535 

Entire State

The Montana Public Assistance Helpline is open from 8 a.m. until 5 p.m. each week, excluding legal holidays. The Helpline is designed to provide real-time assistance to those with questions about their Medicaid and other public assistance applications.

(844) 682-6837

Entire State

Cover Montana has a Find Local Help option where applicants with questions can type in their zip code and get free, confidential help with applying for Medicaid or other public assistance issues. 

(406) 444-2470

Entire State

If you've been denied Medicaid and feel that it was the wrong decision, you can file a request for a Fair Hearing through Montana's Office of Administrative Hearings. By law, you are entitled to a hearing in Montana if benefits have been denied. 

Does Medicare Cover In-Home Care in Montana?

In general, Medicare does not cover the cost of non-medical home care. That being said, there are situations in which Medicare provides some coverage for medical home care, referred to as “Home Healthcare.” There are several eligibility restrictions for coverage, including that individuals must be homebound and have a referral from their doctor specifically for home healthcare services.

Below is an overview of some of the skilled medical professionals whose in-home services are typically covered by Medicare – for more in-depth information, refer to our Guide to Home Healthcare.

  • Physical Therapists: Physical therapy is used to help patients recover from injuries (broken bones, knee injuries, etc.), treat ongoing conditions such as arthritis, and assist in recovery from surgeries and procedures such as a knee or hip replacement.
  • Visiting Nurses: Licensed nurses can provide a number of medical services for those who don’t need to stay in the hospital, but do need regular medical services such as wound care, changing feeding tubes, etc.
  • Occupational Therapists: Occupational therapists help seniors regain or maintain the ability to accomplish normal, daily tasks, such as bathing, dressing, eating, and other daily activities.
  • Speech Therapists: Speech therapists help seniors who are struggling to adequately communicate due to a stroke, dementia, or any other cause regain the ability to functionally communicate using a variety of means. Additionally, speech therapists help to keep seniors independent by modifying diets, teaching special techniques to swallow safely, and retraining associated muscles.

As mentioned above, in-home care is distinctly different from home healthcare. But, there can be some overlap in services between the two types of care. So, while Medicare doesn’t cover non-medical in-home care, there are in-home care services that may be covered in special circumstances when they’re provided in conjunction with home healthcare (such as an occupational therapist helping with eating or dressing)

Other Financial Assistance Options for In-Home Care in Montana

While the above programs help many people finance in-home care, they will not cover all costs for everyone. There are other ways to pay for in-home care, including out-of-pocket arrangements with siblings, annuities, reverse mortgages, private insurance and more. Read’s Guide to In-Home Care Costs to learn more about these alternative payment options.

Free and Low-Cost Resources for Seniors in Montana

Montana seniors who choose to age in place experience benefits such as remaining connected to their neighborhoods, family and friends. However, aging in place also comes with a number of challenges, such as getting help with errands, household tasks, and transportation and identifying and accessing community-based programs and services that promote a good quality of life among older adults. Montana seniors can contact the following resources for assistance with these age-related challenges. 

Area Served
Services Provided

(406) 444-4077

Entire State

The Montana Department of Health and Human Services Home and Living Options provides Montana residents aged 60 and over, their families and their caregivers with direct and indirect services designed to promote a good quality of life among senior citizens and to help them retain their independence for as long as possible. Services are delivered throughout the state by a network of 10 local Area Agencies on Aging. Programs and services for those opting to age in place in their own homes include balance workshops, Medicaid and Medicare seminars as well as individual health insurance counseling, Meals on Wheels and health and wellness screenings. Indirect services include referrals to relevant local, state and federal programs.

(406) 542-2501

Entire State

Veterans of all branches of the U.S. Armed Services with honorable discharges, their dependents and their survivors can receive assistance for a range of issues from Montana Veterans Affairs. Qualified disabled veterans or their unmarried surviving spouses may be able to get a property tax reduction from between 50% to 100%, for instance, and those who hunt and fish receive discounts on licenses. Montana veterans are also eligible for free vehicle registration and license plates. The agency also provides assistance with identifying relevant service-based benefits and filling out the necessary paperwork. 

(800) 332-2272

Entire State

The Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services produces and airs a weekly television program called Aging Horizons that covers a range of issues surrounding aging, such as reverse mortgages, veterans benefits, Medicaid and Medicare and Social Security. They also produce and distribute a newsletter several times per year about aging-related events and issues. 

COVID-19 Rules for In-Home Care Providers in Montana

In-home care providers in Montana must comply with all federal regulations regarding COVID-19 vaccinations, personal protective equipment and other precautions except those who have been granted exemptions. Exceptions may be granted for sincerely held religious convictions and qualifying medical conditions. The deadline for being fully vaccinated was March 15, 2022. However, federal regulations can change at any time, so it’s important to keep current on relevant rules to ensure compliance. The best source of information on these changes in your local Area Agency on Aging. Private clients, as well as agencies that employ in-home care providers, may have more stringent rules, so always check with your employer. 

Note: This section is current as of April 2022, but since COVID-19 rules may change, contact your local Area Agency on Aging for up-to-date information.

In-Home Care Laws and Regulations in Montana

Home health agencies in Montana that provide services to people receiving Medicaid are licensed by the Department of Public Health and Human Services, Licensure Bureau. Agencies operate under regulations that help protect the safety and well-being of senior Montanans.

In-Home Care Laws and Regulations in Montana
Scope of Care
Home health agencies can provide services including skilled nursing, occupational, physical and speech therapies and home health aide services.
Care Plan Requirements
Any home health services provided must be based on orders written by a physician and detailed in a plan of care. The orders must include the type of services to be provided and the frequency of the services. It must be reviewed at least every 60 days.
Medication Management Requirements
Medication can be administered by licensed agency staff as ordered by the physician.
Staff Screening Requirements
There are currently no background check requirements for in-home care workers in Montana.
Staff Training Requirements
Staff must be licensed to perform the service they are providing. There are no specific training requirements detailed for unskilled caregivers performing homemaker or similar services.
Medicaid Coverage
The Community First Choice/Personal Assistant Services and Big Sky Waiver programs will cover some or all of the cost of in-home care for those who qualify.
Reporting Abuse
Abuse should be reported to Adult Protective Services online at 844-277-9300.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Much Does In-Home Care Cost in Montana?

The Genworth Cost of Care 2019 Survey calculates that the average cost of in-home care in Montana is $4,576 a month, which is slightly higher than the national average of $4,290. Home health care, which includes skilled nursing and other medical services, has the same average cost in the state.

Does Montana’s Medicaid Pay for In-Home Care?

Montana Medicaid has two programs that pay for in-home care for eligible seniors. The Community First Choice/Personal Assistant Services and Big Sky Waiver programs cover some or all of the costs associated with in-home care. Both programs have age-related and financial eligibility requirements, and seniors must also be assessed as needing a nursing home level of care.

Are There Programs to Cover Home Modifications in Montana?

Montana doesn’t have any programs that concentrate on home modifications, but seniors in the Big Sky Waiver program may be able to receive minor home modifications through the program. The modifications must help the beneficiary increase independence in the home.

What Support Can Help Me Age at Home?

There are a wide variety of resources that can help seniors remain living in their home as they age. Homemaking is a common option that takes over general chores such as laundry, cleaning and gardening. Many seniors also receive help with meal preparation or get meals delivered. Personal care helps seniors who struggle with activities of daily living, such as grooming, bathing and mobility. Seniors can also get help with transportation, shopping, running errands and other tasks that help them lead a fulfilling life.

What Are “Activities of Daily Living”?

Activities of daily living, or ADLs, are a set of basic daily tasks that are essential for an individual to thrive. They are generally broken down into personal hygiene, continence management, dressing, feeding and ambulating. The ability of a person to accomplish these tasks is commonly used to assess whether a person is eligible for assistance and the type of assistance they can receive. Instrumental activities of daily living, or IADLs, are also necessary for independent living and include tasks such as meal preparation, shopping, housekeeping and communicating with others.

How to Find an In-Home Care Provider in Montana

Whether you are looking for yourself or a loved one, finding a quality home care provider can be a stressful process. When you hire an in-home care aide you’re placing a lot of trust in the hands of the person by inviting them into your home, so you’ll want to be diligent in your search. At, we’re here to help – we’ve created a helpful checklist below that can help guide you through the process of both determining your needs and finding a home care agency that will provide the best care possible.

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Find Home Care Agencies Near You

To find quality home care providers near you, simply input the zip code or city where you would like to start your search. We have an extensive directory of home care agencies all across the nation that includes in-depth information about each provider and hundreds of thousands of reviews from seniors and their loved ones.

Directory of Home Care Services in Billings, MT

Right at Home Billings, MT

1215 24th St W, Suite 105, Billings, MT, 59102

They provided assistance. They are easy to work with.
They provided assistance. They are easy to work with.

Visiting Angels – Billings

1211 Grand Ave, Billings, MT, 59102

It is creating the ability for my dad to actually function. They provide autonomy for the gal that takes care of my dad. She is very good.
It is creating the ability for my dad to actually function. They provide autonomy for the gal that takes care of my dad. She is very good.

SYNERGY HomeCare of Billings

513 Hilltop, Suite #3, Billings, MT, 59105

They make meals for us and help around the house. We have been very happy with their help when we need somebody.
They make meals for us and help around the house. We have been very happy with their help when we need somebody.

Interim HealthCare of Billings, MT

3312 Second Ave. North, Billings, MT, 59101

ResCare HomeCare Billings, Montana

1633 Main St., Suite A-343, Billings, MT, 59105

Home Helpers Home Care of Billings

1925 Grand Ave., Ste. 121, Billings, MT, 59102