Men: Cancer Symptoms You're Most Likely to Ignore

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Annual checkups and tests such as colonoscopies are important, but it's not a good idea to rely solely on health professionals to spot cancer. It's just as important to listen to your body and notice anything that's different, odd, or unexplainable. (You should also listen to those close to you, such as a wife or partner, because others sometimes notice things we're unaware of -- or don't want to admit.) One way to tell the difference between a symptom worthy of a doctor's checkup and one that's not: Is it going away, or slowly worsening over time? But don't be afraid to ask for help, even if you're not sure; you don't want to join the ranks of cancer patients who realize too late that symptoms they'd noticed for a long time could have sounded the alarm earlier, when cancer was easier to cure.

Commonly overlooked cancer symptoms, 1-10

1. Upset stomach or stomachache

One of the first signs colon cancer patients remember experiencing when they look back is unexplained stomach aches. Those with pancreatic cancer describe a dull ache that feels like it's pressing inward. Many liver cancer patients say they went in complaining of stomach cramps and upset stomachs so frequently that their doctors thought they had ulcers. Liver cancer patients and those with leukemia can experience abdominal pain resulting from an enlarged spleen, which may feel like an ache on the lower left side.

If you have a stomachache that you can't attribute to a digestive problem or that doesn't go away, ask your doctor to consider an ultrasound or other diagnostic test. Finding a liver or pancreatic tumor early can make all the difference in treatment.

2. Chronic "acid stomach" or feeling full after a small meal

The most common early sign of stomach cancer is pain in the upper or middle abdomen that feels like gas or heartburn. It may be aggravated by eating, so that you feel full when you haven't actually eaten much. What's particularly confusing is that the pain can be relieved by antacids, confirming your conclusion that it was caused by acid in the stomach, when it's more than that. An unexplained pain or ache in lower right side can be the first sign of liver cancer, known as one of the "silent killers." Feeling full after a small meal is a common sign of liver cancer as well.

If you have frequent bouts of acid stomach, an unexplained abdominal ache, or a full feeling after meals even when you're eating less than normal, call your doctor.

3. Unexplained weight loss

If you notice the pounds coming off and you haven't made changes to your diet or exercise regime, it's important to find out why. Unexplained weight loss can be an early sign of colon and other digestive cancers; it can also be a sign of cancer that's spread to the liver, affecting your appetite and the ability of your body to rid itself of waste.

4. Jaundice

Pancreatic cancer, another one of the "silent killers," is often discovered when someone notices jaundice and asks the doctor to do a battery of tests. Jaundice is most commonly thought of as a yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes, but darker-than-normal urine that's not the result of dehydration may also be a sign. Clay-colored stools are another little-known sign of jaundice. Oddly, jaundice can also cause itching, because the bile salts in the bloodstream cause the skin to itch. Some people with pancreatic cancer say they noticed the itching before they noticed the jaundice itself.

5. Wheezing or shortness of breath

One of the first signs lung cancer patients remember noticing when they look back is the inability to catch their breath. "I couldn't even walk to my car without wheezing; I thought I had asthma, but how come I didn't have it before?" is how one man described it. Even if it's not a sign of lung cancer, a breathing problem can be a sign of other conditions such as COPD or heart disease, so it's definitely worth bringing to a doctor's attention. Coughing up blood is another worrisome sign that should be promptly discussed with a doctor.

6. Chronic cough or chest pain

Several types of cancer, including leukemia and lung tumors, can cause symptoms that mimic a bad cough or bronchitis. One way to tell the difference: The problems persist, or go away and come back again in a repeating cycle. Some lung cancer patients report chest pain that extends up into the shoulder or down the arm.

7. Frequent fevers or infections

These can be signs of leukemia, a cancer of the blood cells that starts in the bone marrow. Leukemia causes the marrow to produce abnormal white blood cells, which crowd out healthy white cells, sapping the body's infection-fighting capabilities. Doctors sometimes catch leukemia in older adults only after the patient has been in a number of times complaining of fever, achiness, and flu-like symptoms over an extended period of time.

8. Difficulty swallowing

Most commonly associated with esophageal or throat cancer, having trouble swallowing is sometimes one of the first signs of lung cancer, too. Men diagnosed with esophageal cancer look back and remember a feeling of pressure and soreness when swallowing that didn't go away the way a cold or flu would have. Consult your doctor also if you have a frequent feeling of needing to clear your throat or that food is stuck in your chest; either of these can signal a narrowing of the esophagus that could mean the presence of a tumor.

9. Chronic heartburn

If you just ate half a pizza, heartburn is expected. But if you have frequent episodes of heartburn or a constant low-level feeling of pain in the chest after eating, call your doctor and ask about having your esophagus examined. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) -- a condition in which stomach acid rises into the esophagus, causing heartburn and an acidic taste in the throat -- can trigger a condition called Barrett's esophagus, which can be a precursor of esophageal cancer.

10. Swelling of facial features

Some patients with lung cancer report that they noticed puffiness, swelling, or redness in the face. The explanation for this is that small cell lung tumors commonly block blood vessels in the chest, preventing blood from flowing freely from the head and face.

Commonly overlooked cancer symptoms, 11-20

11. Swollen lymph nodes or lumps on the neck, underarm, or groin

Usually, enlarged lymph nodes are a sign that your body's fighting off an infection, but they can also indicate changes in the lymphatic system that could be a warning sign of cancer. For example, a lump or an enlarged lymph in the neck or underarm is sometimes a sign of thyroid, head, or throat cancer. A painless lump on the neck, underarm, or groin can be an early sign of leukemia. A key indicator: Infectious lumps are often sore to the touch, while cancerous lymph nodes may be painless.

12. Excessive bruising or bleeding that doesn't stop

This symptom usually suggests something abnormal happening with the platelets and red blood cells, which can be a sign of leukemia. One man with leukemia noticed that his gums bled when he brushed his teeth; another described bruising in strange places, such as on his fingers and hands. The explanation: Over time, leukemia cells crowd out red blood cells and platelets, impairing the blood's ability to carry oxygen and clot.

13. Weakness and fatigue

"I had to stop halfway across the yard and sit down when I was mowing the lawn," said one man when describing the fatigue that led to his discovery of pancreatic cancer. Generalized fatigue and weakness is a symptom of so many different kinds of cancer (and other ills) that you'll need to look at it in combination with other symptoms. But any time you feel exhausted without explanation and it doesn't respond to getting more sleep, talk to your doctor.

14. Rectal bleeding or blood in stool

"I thought it was hemorrhoids" is one of the most common statements doctors hear when diagnosing colorectal cancer. Blood in the toilet alone is reason to call your doctor and request further evaluation and a colonoscopy. Another sign of blood in the stool many people miss is stools that are darker in color.

15. Bowel problems

Constipation, diarrhea, and changes in stools can all be signs of cancer. As with many other cancer symptoms, the way to tell if this is cause for concern is if it goes on for more than a few days without a clear cause, such as flu or food poisoning. People diagnosed with colon cancer say they noticed more frequent stools, as well as a feeling that their bowels weren't emptying completely. One of the early signs of pancreatic cancer is fatty stools, which can be recognized as frequent, large stools that are paler than normal and smelly. This is a sign that your body's not absorbing your food normally, and it should be brought to your doctor's attention.

16. Difficulty urinating or changes in flow

One of the most common signs of prostate cancer is a feeling of not being able to start peeing once you're set to go. Many men also report having a hard time stopping the flow of urine, a flow that starts and stops, or a stream that's weaker than normal. These symptoms are also commonly associated with prostate enlargement that's benign, called benign prostatic hyperplasia. Either way, it's important to bring prostate-related symptoms to your doctor's attention and discuss tests for prostate cancer.

17. Pain or burning during urination

This symptom can also indicate a urinary tract infection or sexually transmitted disease, of course, but in any case it warrants an immediate trip to the doctor. This symptom is often combined with the feeling that you need to go more often, particularly at night. These same symptoms can also indicate inflammation or infection in the prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia, the name for what happens when the prostate grows bigger and blocks the flow of urine. However, you need to get checked out to tell the difference.

18. Blood in urine or semen

Men are often warned about blood in the urine, but they may not realize that blood in semen is also a danger sign for prostate cancer. Blood in the urine or semen isn't always visible as blood; urine may just be a pink, dark red, or smoky brown color, while blood in the semen may just look like a pinkish streak.

19. Erection problems

As prostate cancer progresses, another very common sign is difficulty getting or sustaining an erection. This can be a difficult subject to talk about, but it's important to bring it to your doctor's attention. It could be a sign of sexual dysfunction with another cause, of course, but it's a reason to have an exam and discuss testing for prostate cancer.

20. Pain, aching, or heaviness in the groin, hips, thighs, or abdomen

One sign of prostate cancer is frequent pain in the hips, upper thighs, or the lowest part of the back that slowly worsens over time. Men with testicular cancer report noticing a heavy, aching feeling low in the belly or abdomen, or in the scrotum or testicles themselves. They sometimes describe it as a feeling of downward pulling or as a generalized ache throughout the groin area. Prostate cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes often makes itself known as discomfort in the pelvis or swelling in the legs.

Commonly overlooked cancer symptoms, 21-25

21. Testicular swelling or lump

The lumps that indicate testicular cancer are nearly always painless. It's also common for a testicle to be enlarged or swollen, but lacking any specific lump that you can see or feel. Some men report feeling discomfort from the enlargement, but not an outright pain.

22. Unexplained back pain

Back pain can mean all sorts of things, of course -- most often pulled muscles or disc problems. But unexplained, persistent back pain can be an early sign of cancer as well, so get it checked out. Pain in the lower back and hips can be a sign of prostate cancer, while pain in the upper back can signal lung cancer. A pain in the upper abdomen and back is one of the few early signs of pancreatic cancer.

23. Scaly or painful nipple or chest, nipple discharge

Men do get breast cancer; they also get a condition called gynecomastia, which is a benign enlargement of the breast area. Breast cancer is usually detected as a lump, but if it's spreading inward it can also cause chest pain. Other signs of breast cancer include patches of red, scaly, or dimpled skin or changes to the nipple such as turning inward or leaking fluid. Bring any lump, swelling, or skin or nipple problem, or any chest pain, to your doctor's attention.

24. A sore or skin lump that doesn't heal, becomes crusty, or bleeds easily

Most of us know to watch moles for changes that might indicate skin cancer. But other signs, such as small waxy lumps or dry scaly patches, are easier to miss. Familiarize yourself with the different types of skin cancer -- melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma -- and be vigilant about checking skin all over the body for odd-looking growths or spots.

25. Changes in nails

Unexplained changes to the fingernails can occasionally be a sign of several types of cancer. A brown or black streak or dot under the nail can indicate skin cancer, while newly discovered "clubbing," which means enlargement of the ends of the fingers, with nails that curve down over the tips, can be a sign of lung cancer. Extremely pale or white nails, also called Terry's nails, can be a sign of severe liver disease or liver cancer.

Melanie Haiken

Melanie Haiken discovered how important it is to provide accurate, targeted, usable health information to people facing difficult decisions when she was health editor of Parenting magazine. See full bio

6 months, said...

My husband has been experiencing shoulder pain along with a constant cough that is getting worse and making his chest hurt. He feels like he is having trouble breathing and i have noticed a change in his voice. his bowel movements have changed he has become really constipated or he will have a movement 4-7 times a day. He has headaches a lot but that is pretty normal for him. The doctor is stumped and treating him for walking pneumonia. What should we do? I feel as if we need to have more tests done.

7 months, said...

Cat scan that said normal having lung issues. Shoulder,arm,neck, and bodypains! breathing weird. Flank pains? Losing weight too. Scared as all heck. My doctors telling me anxiety. Like so many have said here if you have issues that you know aren't normal then you demand they take you seriously. I'm fed up to here with my current situation. I want my old life back so bad. One without the flank pains and chest pain. My doctor is making me crazy for not listening. To all here that shared their stories thank you and I hope all the best in your recoveries. Stay strong!

about 1 year, said...

Not sure how to submit a question on this site so am commenting in the hope that it gets an answer. My husband (30 years old) had a black streak on his big toenail, which seemed to cause the nail to split as it grew. He performed surgery on himself to excise what he thought was a bit of metal. As he cut away the affected area of the nail, he noticed that the black material seemed to grow out of the nail bed and had been growing with the nail. He managed to dig out all of the black stuff visible. He didnt keep any of it. This was several months ago and in the mean time, he cancelled several appointments I made with dermatologists and podiatrists in favor of consulting his own GP, who saw him yesterday. The GP says that as the nail seems to be growing normally now except for a white longitudinal streak and a little dark spot under the nail he thinks looks like blood and so says that nothing further needs to be done. Im wondering if we should seek another opinion and/or ask for other tests. Should my husband seek out a biopsy and a blood test?

over 1 year, said...

My husband has pain in his shoulders He has been diagnosed with low count prostate cancer

almost 2 years, said...

my boyfriend has been coughing up a bit of blood he is always tired his sweat and urine smells sour

over 2 years, said...

My X-Husband is under going extensive Test He has had 2 cat scans and 1 MRI and X-Rays. But there still is a dark spot on his Lung and on his spline. That say its small but its there. What could it be?

almost 3 years, said...

Could any of these symptoms apply to women? I have a couple of them. I am having a CT scan and I am just wondering. Thank you Mary

about 3 years, said...

Rash on face below mouth and side of mouth.Severe back pain sweats, nausea head aches

over 3 years, said...

good***!keep it up. .

almost 4 years, said...

This is a very comprehensive and helpful article

almost 4 years, said...

very informative

about 4 years, said...

My husband is experiencing pain in his upper abdominal area and happens after he approximately 20-30 minutes after he eats. His doctor stated he has pancreatitis, put him on Creon to be taken with his meals 3 times daily. Doctors have not follow-up with him, after hearing news regarding CA19-9 and the RNA Genetic Factor blood tests for pancreatic cancer screening, I want to know where to go to have these tests done. Incidentally, his doctor also said the pancreatitis was a result of being exposed to agent orange in Vietnam.

about 4 years, said...


over 4 years, said...

I have quite a lot of these symptoms and just had a ct on my pancreas to check for cancer, I have lost 45-50 lbs in last 5 mos I also have appt. for upper an lower gi. God bless an thank you for the information. Great artical, thank you

over 4 years, said...

While I love this list, I would just like to add confusion or forgetfulness. When my dad started to forget things or misplace stuff he joked that it was Alzheimers and refused to seek help. Although Alzheimers is not a joking matter it would have been a lot easier to hear then the actual diagnosis, brain cancer. Please never ignore ANY symptoms.

over 4 years, said...

Hey my name is nashma I'm from south africa I need help I think my dad has cancer and his stubborn to go seek for help he has pains just on top of his private part his 63 years old pls help with same info to go for help oh and his an alcohol

over 4 years, said...

Right Flank Pain for a long time. Unknow fevers.Dilated bile duck on CT,Swelling of panceatis on New CT, Trestical Cancer waiting on surgery, waited 3 years. Mom was dieing from a 12 year battle with cancer. Coughing blood, short of air,inffections 30 times in 4 years,paqin down around my back

almost 5 years, said...

I love the idea of these life-saving (potentially) articles! I believe that there is much to be said/given to natural life-saving food stuffsl This is information that I want to save and to be able to access easily at a later time. Therefore I make a copy.... It would be fabulous if the articles were able to copied in a space-saving format....

almost 5 years, said...

Yes very helpful.

almost 5 years, said...


almost 5 years, said...

thanks for the e-mail

almost 5 years, said...

Like to express my best wishes and thanks for the authors of this site for such general information and valuable medical explanations that i find very useful especially in my country Egypt were such services are very rare ,I do appreciate your efforts .Eng.Mohamed elbakary (Diabetic and stroke surviver )

about 5 years, said...

this article made me to double check my health on a daily basic

about 5 years, said...

This article is excellent, very informative and clearly writen.

about 5 years, said...

Great information, medically sound. Good for a partner or for the man himself. Applicable also to women, addressing it to men helps get their attention. Men seem less likely to sound the alarm or to be forthcoming in self-check results. It takes a village to be a spouse.

about 5 years, said...

I think this article does not sufficiently explain the benign possibilities for all these symptoms but just frightens people.

about 5 years, said...

very helpfulf

over 5 years, said...

My husband had hives, almost continually, the last year of his life, before he knew he had stage 4 pancreatic cancer. I can't believe that he was snorkeling in the Bahamas the end of August and died in November. No one saw any link.

over 5 years, said...

This is a very informative article. However, I believe it is important to take into account any previous ailments you have had or may currently have before jumping the gun and believing what is read. For instance I have diverticulosis which in itself can cause most all the digestive and bowel problems suggested in this aricle. Except maybe for the blood in the stool. Diverticulosis is usually confirmed when an individual has their first colonoscopy. While it isn't cancer it can be very troublesome.