How Medicare Part B Works
Medicare Part B covers many preventive care screenings and examinations , including pelvic exams and Pap smears, mammograms, bone density testing, colorectal and prostate cancer screening, diabetes screening, and glaucoma testing. With regard to regular physical checkups, in 2010 it covers only an initial "wellness examination" within the first six months of enrolling in Medicare Part B but not an annual comprehensive physical exam. (Many Medicare Part C [Medicare Advantage Managed Care Plans] do make such regular exams a part of their coverage.)
Beginning on January 1, 2011, however, the new healthcare reform law allows Medicare Part B to greatly expand its coverage for regular physical exams. As of 2011, everyone enrolled in Medicare Part B is entitled to one "wellness" physical examination annually. This is a thorough exam that includes a comprehensive health-risk assessment, which may include further laboratory or other testing.
Until 2011, Medicare's noncoverage of regular physical exams can put you in a bind. You can get a regular physical exam by paying for the expensive doctor and laboratory work out of your own pocket (if you can afford it). Or you can skip the exam and risk missing the kinds of early disease detection that makes such exams so important.
But there may be a way out of this bind. If you haven't had a thorough physical examination for a while and would like to have Medicare cover one for you, here's how to do so without breaking Medicare rules:
Medicare Part B currently does cover an examination by your doctor, plus related laboratory work, X-rays, and diagnostic testing, to investigate a particular health problem or complaint. And, like most people over 65, you probably have at least one or more minor physical complaints or problems about which, ordinarily, you wouldn't make a special trip to the doctor. On the other hand, if you had a general physical examination and your doctor asked you about any problems or complaints, you would likely mention these. The trick to getting Medicare to pay for a general physical exam is to make these minor complaints the subject of a doctor visit. This turns the doctor's investigation of these problems -- which can include a fairly broad examination plus laboratory or other diagnostic work -- into a Medicare-covered service, as long as the exam and diagnostics are reasonably related to the physical complaints you have reported.
The Four Steps to Getting Medicare to Cover a Physical Exam
1. Call your doctor's office to make an appointment. When the person scheduling the appointment asks the reason for your visit, mention the conditions or symptoms that are bothering you. Do not ask for a regular physical examination.
2. When you see your doctor at the visit, begin by explaining the problems or symptoms that have been bothering you.
3. During the visit, remind the doct or that you have not had a physical examination in a while (your medical records will tell the doctor exactly when) and ask if he could give you as broad an examination as possible related to the symptoms or complaints you have mentioned.
4. You might want to mention to the doctor your concern that the examination and testing should meet Medicare coverage requirements . Doctors are very experienced with Medicare coverage rules and know how to describe your examination and testing in a way that places it under the Medicare umbrella. But it's up to you to give your doctor the chance to do this by presenting the doctor with specific complaints rather than merely asking for a physical exam.