Choosing a Nursing Home

What You Need to Know When Choosing a Nursing Home
Nursing_Home

Making and narrowing nursing home choices

Look into nonprofit nursing homes first

Make a list of the nursing homes you wish to consider, and look into the ownership of each one. Recent studies have shown that overall, nonprofit nursing homes provide higher quality care, higher staffing ratios, and have fewer health violations than those run by for-profit companies. If this information isn't readily available, ask about ownership when you visit.

Decide what kind of nursing home is best

If the person in your care has a medical condition that requires continuous monitoring -- anything from a feeding tube or respirator to an ongoing need for physical or occupational therapy -- he'll likely need to be in a skilled nursing facility. If his main need is for ongoing help with activities of daily living, then an intermediate rather than a skilled facility may suffice.

Sometimes older adults transition from the hospital to skilled nursing and later to intermediate care. Some facilities have both skilled and intermediate wings. Each facility will have intake planners who can help you evaluate a person's needs and find the right level of care.

Narrow down your nursing home choices

If someone is going to a nursing home after a hospitalization, the hospital will have a social worker known as a discharge planner who can help you find a home. But there's no substitute for doing your own legwork. One quick way to compare nursing homes in your area is by using Caring.com's local eldercare directory, which includes contact information, capacity, whether a facility is nonprofit, and displays Medicare's five-star rating. Medicare ratings include an overall quality and safety score along with individual ratings of a community's health inspections, staff, and quality of care.

You can also find nursing homes by using HealthGrades.com's nursing home ratings tool. By analyzing information from state inspections and consumer complaints, HealthGrades ranks nursing homes on a five-star system and offers a detailed report on everything from cleanliness and diet to "dignity and respect of each resident" to how often patients typically get bedsores.

Doing your nursing home homework

Check a nursing home's reports

Each nursing home is required to keep copies of state licensing reports on-site and to show them to you at your request. Once you think a home is a good possibility, take a close look at it.

You can also call your state or local long-term care ombudsperson and ask if there have been any substantiated complaints against the home you are considering. (An unsubstantiated complaint in itself, with no other red flags, may not be reason enough to steer you away, as complaints are fairly common.)

Log some time at the nursing home beforehand

Above all else, try to spend time -- with the person you're caring for, if possible -- at a place you are considering, and trust your instincts. Remember that, even if someone needs round-the-clock nursing supervision and a nursing home seems to be the only way to go, this is a difficult step for many seniors to take. The sight of other elderly and ill residents, often in wheelchairs, may evoke depressing feelings of being "put in a home." Staff at a good facility will be aware of these feelings and treat patients with care and courtesy. But ask yourself the following questions:

  • Do they address the person by name from day one and ask him about his preferences rather than seeming to treat him as "just a number?"
  • Do the long-term residents look well-groomed and animated?
  • Are there little touches, like well-tended plants, that make the place seem less institutional?

Small things like these can ease a challenging transition.


1 day ago, said...

I liked your tip to look into nonprofit nursing homes first. You also mentioned that non-profit homes often provide better care and have higher staffing ratios. I think it's a good idea to choose a nursing home that is close to your home and in an exciting environment. http://www.hilltop-house.com/Assisted_Living_Winchester_VA.html


over 5 years ago, said...

I read yor with interest and found them very helpful. However, I have an experience with assisted living, nursing homes and other health care associations that I have not seen mentioned. Some assisted and nursing homes have their OWN medical Doctors and Health Care specalists. Once you sign a contract with them their "medical" team takes over all heath care treatment and your current Doctors and Specalist have no say in what trestment you get in the assisted or nursing home. Is this now a normal situation or something new in the last few years.


over 5 years ago, said...

Hi Birdie, Thanks for your comment. Good question. You can post your question in our Ask & Answer section, here: ( http://www.caring.com/ask ). Good luck -- Emily | Community Manager


over 5 years ago, said...

Hi I would like to know How to find a NoN Profit Nursing home,


about 6 years ago, said...

mom was just placed in a nursing home a week ago. She is combatic, won't take her medication and is just being very defiant to staff. Mom states that she doesn't like where the facility is because it is 45 minutes away from our house. What do I do? Please don't tell me to give it time. Thanks


about 6 years ago, said...

Hi Nell, could you please cite what studies you're referring to in your first paragraph? "Recent studies have shown that overall, nonprofit nursing homes provide higher quality care, higher staffing ratios, and have fewer health violations than those run by for-profit companies." Thanks, v.