What causes ulcers?

1 answer | Last updated: Oct 03, 2016
Oktony asked...

What are the causes of ulcer?


Expert Answers

Jennifer Serafin, N.P. is a registered nurse and geriatric nurse practitioner at the Jewish Homes for the Aged in San Francisco.

This is a difficult question, because I am not sure if you are referring to a bedsore (decubitis ulcer) or a stomach ulcer. So, I will give you the basic causes of each problem.

Causes of skin decubitis ulcers are: 1) Pressure on skin tissue 2) Shearing forces (skin of a patient stays in one place as the deep tissue slides) 3) Friction 4) Moisture (incontinence, perspiration)

Other risk factors in the development of bedsores include advancing age, poor nutrition, poor blood circulation in the extremities (vascular disease), diabetes mellitus, and smoking.

Stomach ulcers are caused by:
1) Increased stomach acid production 2) Bacterial overgrowth (H. pylori) 3) Medications, like NSAIDs (aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen)

Other risk factors for stomach ulcers include smoking, alcohol usage, and stress.

Hope that was helpful.