How to Pay for Nursing Home Care

3 Ways to Help You Pay for Long-Term Nursing Home Care


The cost of nursing home care in the U.S is oftentimes prohibitive and can range widely, from around $5,000 per month up to a whopping $25,000 per month. How much a nursing home charges depends on its geographic location, staffing levels, any specialty care offered and the facility's size and quality. A facility with a special wing for Alzheimer's and dementia residents, for example, may charge more for that special care. When you discuss fees with facility staff, be sure to ask how often, and by how much, those rates have risen in recent years to get an idea of what you can expect.

Note: Skilled nursing care is different from rehabilitation care. The nursing home care discussed here is long-term, nonmedical residential care for someone who can no longer live on his or her own. That's different from acute, short-term skilled nursing or rehabilitation care that usually follows a hospitalization or a specific injury or severe illness. That kind of acute care is provided only at specially licensed skilled nursing or rehabilitation facilities and generally is paid for through Medicare and other types of health insurance. (Some long-term care nursing homes listed in this directory also have skilled nursing or rehabilitation wings.)

What follows are some more options that may be available to help pay for your loved one's long-term nursing home care:

1. Public benefit programs

Medicare, the federal program that provides health insurance coverage for Americans aged 65 and older, will cover care in a skilled nursing facility for up to 100 days (typically after major surgery or another hospitalization). However, it is not a coverage option for longer stays.

Depending on the state he or she lives in, if your loved one has a low income and very few assets (not including a house that they own), he or she may be able to use Medicaid to pay for part or all of their nursing home costs. Every state administers its own Medicaid program with somewhat different eligibility requirements around income levels and assets. If your loved one is planning to use Medicaid to pay for their nursing home care, it’s important to verify first that their nursing care facility is Medicaid certified. (Note also that some nursing homes only accept Medicaid payments from a limited number of residents).

Often, a state will deem someone eligible for Medicaid only after he or she has spent down some of their personal funds on medical care. This will sometimes mean that your loved one will have to move to a different facility that accepts Medicaid if the one they initially moved to does not accept this form of payment. If he or she is eligible for nursing care coverage under Medicaid, the program will cover all room and board costs, as well as any therapies that already offered by the facility. Your local Medicaid office can help determine whether you’re eligible for Medicaid coverage of nursing home care.

If your loved one is a U.S. military veteran, he or she may also be eligible for nursing home care provided by the Veterans Administration. Learn more about eligibility requirements for VA coverage of long-term nursing home care here.

2. Private insurance options

Many nursing home residents use long-term care insurance to pay for their care. Long-term care insurance is designed to lower out-of-pocket costs for long-term care, including nursing home care and assisted living. People are encouraged to buy a long-term care insurance policy long before they will need to use it, which may mean paying premiums for decades before they move into a long-term care facility.

If your loved one has a life insurance policy, cashing it out can help him or her pay for nursing home costs. Certain types of life insurance policies will allow the policyholder to use the insurance toward long-term care. If the life insurance policy includes accelerated death benefits, the policyholder will be able to take a portion of their death benefit while they’re still alive in order to pay for long-term care. If the death benefit is not enough to cover nursing home costs, the policyholder might choose a life settlement, in which he or she sells the life insurance policy to a third party.

Today, there are also a number of combination life insurance policies that include long-term care benefits, although these policies tend to be pricier than standard life insurance.

3. Personal and family assets

Most residents entering a skilled nursing facility pay for their care using their own funds, at least initially. This might mean your loved one’s personal savings, stocks or other assets. It’s not uncommon for adult children and other family members pool funds to help cover the costs of nursing home care until their loved one becomes eligible for a public benefit program like Medicaid.

Since nursing care home care can be so costly, families seeking nursing home care for a loved one sometimes turn to more creative ways to use personal assets to pay for nursing home costs. Some people choose to take out a reverse mortgage to help fund long-term nursing care. A reverse mortgage allows a homeowner to exchange the home equity they’ve built up over time into cash. The person can then access the funds either in a monthly payment, a lump sum or a line of credit. Since this option is such a huge commitment, it’s crucial to work with a reputable company and to ensure that you understand all of the terms and fees involved.

It’s important to check with the skilled nursing facility about what types of care and services are included in the fees your loved one is being charged, and which ones may cost extra.

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It's also possible that an assisted living facility would be able to meet your aging loved one's care needs. According to insurance company Genworth, assisted living community rates range anywhere from $2,500 to nearly $7,000 per month depending on where they’re located and the level of care needed.

Assisted living offers the benefits of community living and support for activities of daily living (ADLs), but is not ideal for someone who needs significant medical assistance. Learn more about ways to pay for assisted living.


about 1 month ago, said...

Hello, can you please advise if you accept a low income person with Medicaid? My mother is currently in a nursing home in Philadelphia PA that has the state grant, but we are trying to relocate to Florida where her only sibling resides in New Smyrna Beach. She need to be in a nursing home since she can't stand nor walk. She has a clear mind the only problem is she needs to be transported from bed to the wheel chair with a Hoyer lift. Her condition is neuropathy caused by diabitis.


8 months ago, said...

My mother is in need of some special care, but finances are definitely an issue. I did not realize that public benefit programs could help with covering these costs. We will definitely have to look more into this! Thanks for sharing! http://www.hollyheights.net/our-services.html


about 1 year ago, said...

My mother is in need of a nursing home. She is unable to take care of herself. She has very little money but has V.A. benefits and medicare. What do I do?


over 2 years ago, said...

I recently went from Assisted Living to Nursing Home but don't know yet if Long Term insurance is going to pay. Big concern.


over 2 years ago, said...

My mom. Is in a new long care and Medicaid is paying for it. The nursing home. said because. She make 1600 a month. She has to give them. 1400 I was just. Wondering if. that was true or does. Medicaid. Pay it all


over 2 years ago, said...

My father is in a nursing home and he is private-paying until he pays down to $2000.00. At that time, we'll apply for Medicaid. My question is, before we apply for Medicaid and while he still has the money, can we pay for his funeral and headstone? He already had a funeral estimate but never paid for it.


over 2 years ago, said...

I am looking for a comfortable, place with excellent staff for my dying brother. Do you cover hospice clients?


over 4 years ago, said...

Check out Local Nursing Homes for up-to-date reviews, nursing home blogs, and senior living advice.


over 6 years ago, said...

@povdds, I am not aware of Medicare paying for a social worker. I think you mean Medicaid.


over 6 years ago, said...

Thanks, Scott . . . given the topic of the article, I should have mentioned that Medicare paid for all the social worker services. The social worker was able to give us excellent information about all the services we were eligible for and how to pay for them as well (and how to manage the daunting forms and paperwork).


over 6 years ago, said...

Great point by povdds. When a close relative of mine needed care, we were in great need for that kind of service. Whether it be a social worker or a "geriatric care manager" or a "care coordinator", the service is invaluable. Many of the leading long-term care insurance policies today will pay for the services of a social worker or geriatric care manager at the time one needs to being to use the policy. Scott A. Olson


over 6 years ago, said...

Reasonably good article, but definitely basic. Here's one major item the article left out: the Huge Benefit of finding a good social worker. We went through a difficult but very rewarding time caring for our relatives, and everyone we talked to about providing care gave us their individual inputs -- nurses gave us what we needed to provide nursing care, physicians told us what meds and treatment we needed, etc. etc. and that was great but . . . when the social worker arrived, we found someone who could put it ALL together, tell us what we were eligible for, etc. etc. All of a sudden, the vast number of little parts and individual pieces of the health care system were assembled into a finely-running watch. The Social Worker was like the conductor of the orchestra. Their inputs were the most valuable part of the overall process, and I cannot imagine going through all this without one. By the way, as a conflict of interest statement, neither I nor anyone in my immediate family or circle of friends is a social worker.


over 6 years ago, said...

Long Term Care Plans"¦the time is right! A 55 year old can buy coverage anywhere from $1800 per year for a basic plan to as much as $4000 per year for a very comprehensive plan. The point is that "significant" coverage is somewhere in between and a good plan should be tailored accordingly. LTC insurance protects retirement income. NY gives a pure 20% credit for total premium paid!


over 6 years ago, said...

Another funding method will be the CLASS Act. One of the worst fiscal nightmares facing our country is the reality of long-term care. Most Americans still think that Medicare covers the cost of long-term care. The CLASS Act helps to address this problem by making a very clear statement: You have to pay for your own long-term care. You either have to pay for your own long-term care by using your savings, the average $50 per day CLASS Act benefit, long-term care insurance, or a combination of these. The CLASS Act will not be an option for those who are already disabled (and unable to work) or those who are retired and do not want to work. Most of the 10 million Americans who own LTC insurance own it because they've seen family spend down their assets before qualifying for Medicaid. The CLASS Act will help alert the rest of the country to the fact that they need to plan for their future long term care needs. There's a lot of confusion about the CLASS Act. Here's a list of 13 facts about the program that are tucked away in the legislation: http://bit.ly/13_Facts_About_CLASS_Act Scott