His individual treatment plan will depend on what stage his prostate cancer is post surgery. Based on the staging, he will fall into one of the following treatment options and
one of the choices could be watchful waiting.
Treatment for prostate cancer may include one or more of the following-
I will offer information that could help you and your parents when speaking to the physicians.
I would also recommend that once the surgery is completed, your dad requests (second) opinions from both a medical and radiation oncologist along with the surgeon's and urologist's opinion.
Many factors determine staging with prostate cancer. A detailed listing of these factors is accessible on the American Cancer Society web page
[prostate cancer] (http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/ProstateCancer/DetailedGuide/prostate-cancer-staging)
Along with the clinical aspect of staging, a recommendation would be to consideration the following information when making the final decision about treatment options;
"¢ Over all health condition
"¢ Your age and expected life span
"¢ Any other serious health conditions you may have
"¢ The stage and grade of your cancer
"¢ Your feelings (and your doctor's opinion) about the need to treat the cancer
"¢ The likelihood that each type of treatment will cure your cancer (or provide some other measure of benefit)
"¢ Your feelings about the side effects common with each treatment
There are actually 2 types of staging for prostate cancer.
1.Clinical stage - estimate of the extent of your disease, based on the results of the physical exam (including DRE), lab tests, prostate biopsy, and any imaging tests you have had.
2.Pathologic stage - which is based on the surgery and examination of the removed tissue. This means that if you have surgery, the stage of your cancer might actually change afterward (if cancer was found in a place it wasn't suspected, for example).
There are 4 categories for describing the local extent of the prostate tumor, ranging from T1 to T4. Most of these have subcategories as well.
There are many choices for treatment when it comes to dealing with prostate cancer. I hope this information will provide you, and your parents with some helpful information when speaking to his physicians.