How should I cook for a heart attack patient?

Timrl209s asked...

How do you cook a proper heart attack patient's diet with 2000 mg salt and 15 fat grams per day. This patient also has congestive heart failure. What foods and meal preparation techniques are best?

Expert Answer

Carolyn Strimike, N.P. and Margie Latrella, N.P. are cardiac nurse practitioners specializing in the prevention of heart disease and stroke. They have over 40 years of nursing experience in Cardiology between them. The main goal of their work is to counsel, motivate and empower women to adopt healthy lifestyle choices.

You're best bet is to prepare foods and meals from scratch. Prepared dishes and canned foods are generally very high in sodium (salt).

"¢ Stick with the fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables.

"¢ Try to limit each meal to 500-600mg of sodium because the person you're caring for may want to have a snack during the day also.

"¢ Choose alternative spices like garlic, pepper, paprika, or salt substitutes such as Mrs. Dash or potassium salts.

"¢ Stay away from foods high in saturated fats such as red meats, cheese, fried foods, buttery, creamy dishes.

"¢ Always opt for the low-fat or fat free dairy options--but beware: when fat is removed from products, salt is often added for taste. (Be sure to check the labels.)

"¢ Choose lean proteins like fish, chicken, turkey, or white meat pork, like center cut pork chops.

"¢ Bake, grill or broil your foods and use olive oil, canola oil, or fat-free sprays instead of butter or margarine when you cook.

Finally, if you do go out to eat, ask for sauces on the side or ask that they prepare the food without added salt. Most restaurants will honor special requests.