Are broken bones always compound fractures?

Babfrfl0 asked...

Are broken bones always compound fractures?

Expert Answer

Jennifer Serafin, N.P. is a registered nurse and geriatric nurse practitioner at the Jewish Homes for the Aged in San Francisco.

To answer your question, no, all broken bones are not compound fractures. There are actually many types of bone fractures. I have listed some below:

  1. Simple fractue: the bones are not displaced, meaning the bone breaks but it maintains its proper alignment
  2. Compound fracture: the bone breaks into two pieces, which move so that the ends are not lined up
  3. Comminuted fracture: the bone breaks into many pieces
  4. Closed fracture: the bone breaks but there is no puncture of the skin
  5. Open fracture: the bone breaks and cuts through the skin
  6. Greenstick fracture: the broken bone is bent (happens in kids)
  7. Impacted fracture: the broken bone ends are smashed into each other
  8. Compression fractures: broken bone is crushed (happen in the spine)
  9. Pathologic fracture: caused by a disease that weakens the bones (often cancer)
  10. Stress fracture: the bone breaks with a tiny a "hairline" crack