Diabetes Facts and Statistics: 12 Things You Should Know

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What are the different types of diabetes?
There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs mostly in younger children and teens or young adults. Type 2 diabetes is considered adult-onset diabetes, although because of childhood obesity, children are also being diagnosed with it.1

How many people in the U.S. have diabetes and prediabetes?
More than 20 million Americans have diabetes (8.3 percent of the population), and more than 40 million have prediabetes (which develops before type 2 diabetes).1

How many cases of diabetes are diagnosed every year?
In 2010, 1.9 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed in people aged 20 and older.2

Do diabetes rates vary by race?
Type 2 diabetes is more common among African-Americans (12.6 percent of total), Hispanics (11.8 percent of total), Native Americans (16.1 percent of total), and Asian-Americans (8.4 percent of total).3

Do diabetes rates vary by age?
The aged population is also at greater risk. About 27 percent of people 65 and over have diabetes.3

What's the connection between diabetes and weight?
About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese.4

Does diabetes cause death?
In 2007, diabetes was listed as an underlying cause or a contributing factor on more than 200,000 death certificates.2

What is the most common cause of death in people with diabetes?
At least 65 percent of people with diabetes die from some form of heart disease or stroke.5

Does diabetes affect mortality?
Adults with diabetes die from heart disease at a rate 2 to 4 times greater than that of people without diabetes. Adults with diabetes also are 2 to 4 times more likely to suffer a stroke than adults without diabetes.2

What is the economic impact of diabetes in the U.S.?
In the U.S., diagnosed cases of diabetes cost a total of $245 billion in direct and indirect expenses.2

How many amputations are caused by diabetes?
Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness and nontraumatic lower-limb amputations in adults in the U.S. In 2006, more than 65,000 people had nontraumatic lower-limb amputations as a result of diabetes.4

Who should get tested for diabetes?
The National Institutes of Health strongly recommend that anyone who is over 45 and overweight get tested for diabetes.6

Find In-Home Care to Help Care for Someone With Diabetes


1. "Diabetes." PubMed Health, National Institutes of Health. Last reviewed June 27, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002194/.
2. "Diabetes Statistics." American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-statistics/?loc=DropDownDB-stats.
3. "Diabetes." PubMed Health, National Institutes of Health. Last reviewed June 27, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmiorjournal.com/NEWS/Health/2011/20110127-SenCitLeadTheWay.htm January 27, 2011.
4. "Diabetes Overview." National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse. http://www.diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/overview/index.aspx Last updated April 4, 2012.
5."Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes." American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Diabetes/WhyDiabetesMatters/Cardiovascular-Disease-Diabetes_UCM_313865_Article.jsp Updated Jan 31, 2013.
6. "Am I at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower Your Risk of Getting Diabetes." http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/riskfortype2/.