A Caregiver's Guide to Meal Delivery and Preparation Services

All Rights Reserved

What they do

Meal delivery services prepare and deliver meals -- usually two a day, one hot and one frozen or packaged -- to the homes of housebound older adults unable to prepare meals alone. These services, which go by many different names, are operated by religious groups, senior centers, hospitals, and other organizations.

You can also order frozen meals, ranging from simple fare to gourmet quality, from a number of meal delivery companies.

Another option: Hire someone to come to your loved one's home to prepare meals to order -- often a week's worth or more at a time. One simple way to do this is to hire an elder companion or personal care assistant for a certain number of hours each week, and make meal preparation part of his or her tasks.

How they help

One unexpected benefit of meal delivery services is that the volunteers are usually trained to chat with your loved one and to look for signs of trouble. Similarly, someone who comes into the home to prepare meals becomes another set of eyes and ears for you and a part of your loved one's social support network.

What they cost

Meal delivery services are usually free or inexpensive, though most programs ask for donations and desperately need them to keep operating. Meals on Wheels, for example, charges an average of about $35 weekly for two meals daily, although no one is denied delivery for financial reasons.

In-home care agencies usually charge anywhere from $10 to $25 an hour for elder companions or personal care assistants, who can often prepare at least light meals. Or you can hire someone on your own (a neighbor, a chef, a caterer) specifically to prepare a week's worth or more of meals at a time.

How to get started

You can often find meal delivery and preparation services by talking to neighbors, friends, or family members; by searching online; or you can try one or more of these options:

  • Meals on Wheels. Begin your search for local help at the Meals on Wheels website.

  • Salvation Army. Some locations offer nutrition services for the elderly, both onsite and by delivery. You can find local services by searching in elderly services by zip code at the website run by the national office of the Salvation Army.

  • Visiting Nurses Associations. Many local Visiting Nurses Associations deliver fresh and frozen meals to residents for a low cost. You can find the nearest group through the website of the Visiting Nurse Associations of America.

  • Family Service Agencies. These nonprofit or state-run agencies generally have the goal of making it possible for seniors to continue to live in the community as independently as possible. Some operate their own meal delivery services; most provide referrals to locally available services. Search online for family service agency in the nearest city or county.

  • Religious organizations. Some churches, synagogues, and interfaith or other religious organizations have established meal delivery programs. And some will arrange to cover the needs of individuals informally, particularly for those who are members. Check with local organizations for details.

  • Community service groups. Some community groups, usually staffed by volunteers, offer meal delivery services at a slight cost or with a voluntary donation encouraged. To find them, searching a local telephone book under Community Services may be more direct than an Internet search.

  • Senior centers. Most community senior centers offer meal and nutrition programs, including group meals onsite. Some will also deliver to homes within a close geographical distance. Check with local senior centers and adult day centers for services.

  • Aging-in-place organizations. In a growing number of communities, individuals have banded together to offer, to those who pay a yearly membership fee, referrals or actual services that make it easier to age at home. Services usually include meal preparation and delivery. Because these groups go by different names -- Boston's Beacon Hill Village and San Francisco's San Francisco Village were among the early models -- it can be a bit difficult to find a local one. To begin, search online on aging in place along with the name of the city or county.

  • In-home care agencies. Use Caring.com's Senior Living Directory to search for in-home care agencies by city or zip code. Most agencies provide both elder companions and personal care assistants who can prepare meals.

  • Area Agencies on Aging. Trained staff at your local Area Agency on Aging can usually provide referrals for local help.

  • The Commodity Supplemental Food Program. This program provides food directly to some low-income individuals over age 60 who live in one of the 39 states participating in the program. For information on eligibility and how to apply, go to the program's website.

  • Preordering services. A growing number of providers in every state offer prepared meals that can be ordered by phone or online. Many feature selections that are easy to heat and eat and are specially portioned and balanced for the nutritional needs of older adults. To find them, search online for meal delivery in your city or town.

  • Restaurant delivery services. Many locales have services that will deliver orders from participating restaurants for a slight charge. Some restaurants also offer this option on their own. Check with individual restaurants -- or search on restaurant delivery and the name of your loved one's city or town.

Be sure to see our checklist on What to Ask When You Call a Meal Delivery Service.

Barbara Kate Repa

Barbara Kate Repa, a lawyer and journalist, has devoted her career to editing and writing about legal issues for consumers. See full bio

almost 4 years, said...

The important aspect for seniors is a rounded meal rather than a constant flow of sandwiches. Frozen dinners fill the gap in our household and I try to minimize the easy way out of buttered toast as a quick alternative I do not ask my wife what she would like I give her sufficient food even items she would not eat when she was well and I have no trouble with rejection. Short memory is the problem, give her a meal and ten minutes later I get the question when are we going to eat. .

over 5 years, said...

Hi I'm Rosie I'm dying from heart failure and pulmonary fibrious I have a son 35 mentally handicapped I need to set up a will find a good place for my son and also it would help if I could find someone to help deliver meals to us I've read some on ur site I will try senior citizens tomorrow but I have to get a will going can you help me please? Thank you Rosie

over 6 years, said...

One of the best things to happen to us when my mom died is a neighbor whose church has one of these servces put my dad on it when she got back in town and found out because thankfully even though they only come once a week (he now has the daily services through the Senior Center as well) they came the day after my dad had fallen. When he didn't come to the door as soon as they got there, they stayed a while to give him time, which I'm so glad for, because he still didn't come until they were just about ready to leave but gave it one more chance, and when he opened the door, it was obvious he needed help. She wanted (and possibly should have, but in this case, this was not part of what they were actually supposed to do) to call 9-1-1 but he didn't want her to; she did call her supervisor; however, one hole in their procedure was that they did not have any of our contact info to let us know, although it was posted on his wall; however, in this particular instance they were not where they could see it and had not been made aware of it; he was, even though he probably shouldn't have, able to drive himself to the doctor, which she did stay until she was able to get him to tell her he would, which he did then proceed to do. The doctor did then, however, take him straight to the emergency room (again thankfully his doctor is in the medical building part of the hospital so it was just a wheelchair ride) where they then treated him and released him with instructions he didn't understand and didn't contact any of the family even though instructions had been left there as well but that's another story. For these purposes I am so grateful for the lady from the church which delivers these meals to my dad for doing all that she did do.