Often inherited, typically associated with juvenile patients, and frequently occurring due to the presence of other diseases, bilateral cataracts present themselves infrequently and necessitate many additional tests and screenings in
addition to treating the cataracts themselves. Dr. Mounir Bashour (MD, CM, FRCS(C), PhD, FACS, Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, McGill University; Clinical Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, Sherbrooke University; Medical Director, Cornea Laser and Lasik MD) writes that bilateral cataracts often indicate that another underlying disease or condition is present, including hypoglycemia, the existence of a trisomy condition, myotonic dystrophy, and herpes simplex. Infectious diseases such as rubella and toxoplasmosis can be present in a patient with bilateral cataracts. Premature birth is also a precursor to the development of bilateral cataracts in juveniles. Affecting both eyes and correctable generally through ocular surgery, bilateral cataracts can greatly diminish the visual abilities of pediatric patients.