Assisted Living Facilities in Pennsylvania
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A Caregiver's Guide to Assisted Living Facilities in Pennsylvania
What they're called
Official name: Assisted Living Residences (ALR) and Personal Care Homes (PCH)
Common name: Assisted living facilities
To compare assisted living to board and care, skilled nursing, and other long-term residential care communities, see Residential Care Options: How to Decide.
What they offer
- ALR: Individual living units (from single rooms to multiroom apartments) with kitchen facilities and separate bathroom for each unit (unit may be shared voluntarily by up to two persons)
- PCH: Shared (up to four persons) living units, usually without separate cooking facilities; bathrooms may be shared
- All meals, usually in a common dining area
- ALR must offer (at least) two core service packages:
- Independent Core Package: For residents who don't require assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) such as eating, dressing, and bathing; includes 24-hour supervision, health monitoring, and emergency response; housekeeping and laundry; short-term assistance with ADLs during a recovery period; and cognitive support services.
- Enhanced Core Package: For residents who require assistance with ADLs; includes all services in the basic core package plus assistance with ADLs, transportation, and assistance with self-administration of medication or medication administration. (A resident may decline a particular service, with fees to be adjusted accordingly.)
- PCH offers supervision and health monitoring; assistance with or administration of medications; and may (but is not required to) offer personal care services, including help with one or more ADLs.
- Social and exercise activities
Note: Some facilities also offer respite care and other special services.
What they cost
Median monthly fees: $3,000 (higher for residents requiring memory care)
State of Pennsylvania requirements
- An ALR must provide or arrange for supplemental healthcare services, as needed, including home healthcare, hospice, physical and occupational therapy, skilled nursing, escort service (if requested) to medical appointments, and cognitive support services.
- An ALR must prepare a medical evaluation (reviewed annually or upon change of condition), a resident assessment, and a support plan (reviewed quarterly) for each resident prior to admission.
- A PCH must prepare a preadmission screening, a medical evaluation, a needs assessment, and a support plan.
State of Pennsylvania oversight
The Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare, Bureau of Adult Residential Licensure licenses and regulates assisted living facilities.
How to resolve problems or offer feedback
- Contact the Pennsylvania long-term care ombudsman for your area/19389) or through the state ombudsman's central office at 717-783-8975; this is a free service helping residents informally resolve problems with a facility.
- To register a complaint about a facility, contact Pennsylvania's Department of Public Welfare Office of Long-Term Living either online or by phone at 717-772-2570 for an Assisted Living Residence or at 877-401-8835 for a Personal Care Home.
- Rate and review assisted living facilities.
How to pay for assisted living in Pennsylvania
- Most assisted living is paid for privately by the resident and/or his or her family.
- For low-income residents of Personal Care Homes who are eligible for Supplemental Security Income (SSI), an extra SSI payment is available.
- Low-income veterans or surviving spouses of veterans may be eligible for Aid and Attendance or other payments from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), which can help pay for assisted living.
- Some assisted living facilities offer sliding scale fees, making a higher level of care available to families that might not otherwise be able to afford it. Be sure to ask -- or ask a geriatric care manager in the area if he or she knows which facilities offer sliding scale fees.
Help finding and choosing a facility
- Hire a geriatric care manager (most have extensive local knowledge about assisted living facilities in a particular geographic area, including space availability, resident needs assessments, sliding scale fees, and resident satisfaction). To find a geriatric care manager, see Caring.com's Senior Living Directory.
- For details about assisted living facilities in each of the 50 U.S. states plus the District of Columbia, see A Caregiver's Guide to Assisted Living Facilities.
- Adams County, PA
- Allegheny County, PA
- Armstrong County, PA
- Beaver County, PA
- Bedford County, PA
- Berks County, PA
- Blair County, PA
- Bradford County, PA
- Bucks County, PA
- Butler County, PA
- Cambria County, PA
- Carbon County, PA
- Centre County, PA
- Chester County, PA
- Clarion County, PA
- Clearfield County, PA
- Clinton County, PA
- Columbia County, PA
- Crawford County, PA
- Cumberland County, PA
- Dauphin County, PA
- Delaware County, PA
- Elk County, PA
- Erie County, PA
- Fayette County, PA
- Franklin County, PA
- Greene County, PA
- Huntingdon County, PA
- Indiana County, PA
- Jefferson County, PA
- Juniata County, PA
- Lackawanna County, PA
- Lancaster County, PA
- Lawrence County, PA
- Lebanon County, PA
- Lehigh County, PA
- Luzerne County, PA
- Lycoming County, PA
- Mckean County, PA
- Mercer County, PA
- Mifflin County, PA
- Monroe County, PA
- Montgomery County, PA
- Montour County, PA
- Northampton County, PA
- Northumberland County, PA
- Pike County, PA
- Potter County, PA